How to Create a Mind

Both hardware and software are progressing exponentially.  If logical thinking were the essence of intelligence, then computers would already be superior to us.  The area where humans still have an edge is our emotional intelligence.  Emotion is not some sideshow or distraction to intelligence.  Being funny, being sexy, expressing love – those are the cutting edge of human intelligence.

   ~ “Can We Reverse-engineer the Brain”, interview with Ray Kurzweil, by Brian O’Keefe, Fortune Magazine, January 2013


Visual and Statistical Thinking

Display architecture recapitulates quantitative thinking; design quality grows from intellectual quality.  Such dual principles – both for reasoning about statistical evidence and for the design of statistical graphics – include:

  1. documenting the sources and characteristics of the data
  2. insistently enforcing appropriate comparisons
  3. demonstrating mechanisms of cause and effect
  4. expressing those mechanisms quantitatively
  5. recognizing the inherently multivariate nature of analytic problems
  6. inspecting and evaluating alternative explanations

When consistent with the substance and in harmony with the content, information displays should be documentary, comparative, causal and explanatory, quantified, multivariate, exploratory, skeptical.

   ~ Edward Tufte, Visual and Statistical Thinking


Known Universe

There are no axioms that are unshakable.

   ~ Brian Cox

Strong Reciprocal Relationships

Even though the realms of religion and science in themselves are clearly marked off from each other, nevertheless there exist between the two strong reciprocal relationships and dependencies.

Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.